Each March, the vanguard of spring arrives in Alberta on thousands of pairs of wings. Tired, hungry, and honking, near-countless flocks of Canada geese (Branta canadensis) either stop over here or complete the northern leg of their annual migratory path – to rest, refuel, breed, nest, and brood – at or near the edge of Alberta’s many ponds, sloughs, lakes, creeks, and rivers. In the weeks that follow, these geese will be joined by many different bird species, particularly waterfowl, in one of the world’s most abundant migratory bird areas – the Mackenzie-Great Lakes-Mississippi Flyway that crosses western Canada.
Canada geese at Jasper National Park. Photo Credit: Tourism Jasper and Travel Alberta.
The seasonal comings and goings of different kinds of birds is particularly significant to Indigenous groups. According to war chief Fine-Day, the Nehiyawak (Cree) names for six different moons or months describe bird activities within those periods: “Mikiciwpi-cim, Bald Eagle Moon. That is when these birds are seen. Mis-kihpi-cim, Goose Moon … Pinawewipi-cim, Egg Laying Moon or paskawehowipi-cim, Egg Hatching Moon. Paskowipi-cim, Feather Moulting Moon. Ohpahowipi-cim, Starting to Fly Moon. No-tcihitopi-cim, Breeding Moon.”1 Many of these names relate to time periods when certain (more…)
Last month we showcased some historic sites and museums located in southern Alberta—this time we’re going to take a look at a few sites in and around the Edmonton area. From living museums to restored mansions to historic chapels, there’s a ton of history for you and your family to explore this summer.
Father Lacombe Chapel
Located in beautiful Mission Park in St. Albert, the Father Lacombe Chapel is Alberta’s oldest still-standing building. Historical interpreters can lead you through the chapel and historic Mission Hill, and you can visit the crypt where Father Lacombe is buried. Father Lacombe has been restored to look much as it did in the early 1860s.
Admission: by donation
Hours: 10 a.m. to 5 p.m., daily until Labour Day (more…)
Often when we talk about dietary evidence at archaeological sites in Alberta, we are referencing a multitude of game animals, such as bison, elk, moose, etc. What is often missing from these dialogues is the reliance First Nations had on native and traded plants. For the most part, organic material does not survive the test of time; this is especially the case in Alberta’s boreal regions where acidic soils rapidly decompose organics. However, missing data does not mean it was not there in the first place. A wide variety of plant species were utilized by Alberta’s First Nations for subsistence purposes. At archaeology sites, evidence of plant remains can be recovered from sediments, stone tools, and ceramics. Plant microfossil analysis is one method that can be used to identify what plants people were using in the past.
Residue on a ceramic sherd, this can be extracted and processed to identify plants cooked in the vessel (Burchill 2014).
Bar U Ranch National Historic Site, Longview (Photo Credit: Andrew Penner/Travel Alberta).
July 8th is Canada Historic Places Day, a new initiative of the National Trust of Canada to celebrate more than 12,000 historic places across the country. Each place tells a unique story and more than twenty historic places in Alberta are participating this year.
Visiting these amazing places is reward enough, but you also have a chance to win $1,500! Post a photo of yourself at a participating site on Instagram with the hashtag #HISTORICPLACESDAY, tag the photo’s location, and follow National Trust for Canada on Instagram.
- Atlas Coal Mine, Drumheller: http://www.historicplacesday.ca/listing/atlas-coal-mine-national-historic-site/
- Memorial Park Library, Calgary: http://www.historicplacesday.ca/listing/memorial-park-library/
- Lougheed House, Calgary: http://www.historicplacesday.ca/listing/lougheed-house/
- Bar U Ranch, Longview: http://www.historicplacesday.ca/listing/bar-u-ranch/
- Raymond Pioneer Museum, Raymond: http://www.historicplacesday.ca/listing/raymond-pioneer-musem/
- Cave and Basin, Banff: http://www.historicplacesday.ca/listing/cave-and-basin/
- The Banff Park Museum, Banff: http://www.historicplacesday.ca/event/national-historic-sites-100/
- Sulphur Mountain Cosmic Ray Station, Banff: http://www.historicplacesday.ca/listing/sulphur-mountain-cosmic-ray-station/
- Skoki Ski Lodge, Banff: http://www.historicplacesday.ca/listing/skoki-ski-lodge/
- Howse Pass, Banff: http://www.historicplacesday.ca/listing/howse-pass/
- Abbot Pass Refuge Cabin, Banff: http://www.historicplacesday.ca/listing/abbot-pass-refuge-cabin/
- First Oil Well in Western Canada, Waterton: http://www.historicplacesday.ca/listing/first-oil-well-in-western-canada/
- Frog Lake National Historic Site: http://www.historicplacesday.ca/listing/frog-lake/
- Fort Heritage Precinct, Fort Saskatchewan: http://www.historicplacesday.ca/listing/fort-heritage-precinct-fort-saskatchewan/
- Alberta Aviation Museum, Edmonton: http://www.historicplacesday.ca/listing/alberta-aviation-museum/
- Camrose & District Centennial Museum: http://www.historicplacesday.ca/listing/camrose-district-centennial-museum/
- Jasper House, Jasper: http://www.historicplacesday.ca/listing/jasper-pass/
- Athabasca Pass, Jasper: http://www.historicplacesday.ca/listing/athabasca-pass/
- Yellowhead Pass, Jasper: http://www.historicplacesday.ca/listing/yellowhead-pass/
- Rocky Mountain House National Historic Site: http://www.historicplacesday.ca/listing/rocky-mountain-house/
For more information on these and other historic sites, visit the Canadian Register of Historic Places at www.historicplaces.ca.
This year, 2017, marks Canada’s sesquicentennial – 150 years since Canada became a country; there will be many celebrations across the country on July 1st and throughout the year to mark this milestone! Many people have shaped Canada into the country that we know today, and one of those people is Wilfrid “Wop” May. Enjoy and Happy Canada Day!
Captain W.R. May – Edmonton, 1919 (Courtesy Denny May).
To Wop May who had grown up on the Canadian prairie, the English winter of 1917 must have seemed dreary. With the arrival of spring, he was on his way to the Western Front, and perhaps it had been before leaving England, or at a train station in France, he chanced upon a sign advertising that the Royal Flying Corps were looking for pilots. The fact that more young men were killed in air training accidents than died in combat seemed not to be a deterrent – the lure of adventure in the skies won out – he applied, was accepted and began the process of learning how to fly a plane. (more…)
Photo Credit: Travel Alberta/Sean Thonson
Happy National Aboriginal Day!
National Aboriginal Day was announced in 1996 by, then Governor General of Canada, Roméo LeBlanc on June 21st—the summer solstice. This week, and throughout the month of June, we recognize and celebrate the achievements and contributions of Indigenous Peoples in what is today known as Alberta and Canada. During this year of celebrating the 150th anniversary of Canadian confederation, it is particularly important to remember the First Peoples who came before, and the thriving, contemporary First Nation, Métis and Inuit communities that continue to shape our country today.
Edmontonians are invited for stew and bannock at the Bissell Centre from 10:00AM – 2:00PM, or enjoy the day-long Aboriginal Day Live festivities at Victoria Park.
Live in Calgary? The University of Calgary is hosting a campfire chat on St. Patrick’s Island, discussing Indigenous perspectives of the cosmos through traditional storytelling, or spend your Saturday at the Family Day Festival and Powwow at the Stampede grounds.
Events are taking place throughout the week and across the province. Join us in taking the time to connect with our community, learn from one another and reflect on what it means to be a Canadian and Treaty person during this summer of celebration.
Indigenous Relations’ 2017 National Aboriginal Day Events in Alberta: http://indigenous.alberta.ca/documents/NAD-Events-Alberta-June-2017.pdf?0.1319647190237596
City of Edmonton’s National Aboriginal Day Community Events: https://www.edmonton.ca/attractions_events/schedule_festivals_events/national-aboriginal-day.aspx
Aboriginal Awareness Week Calgary: http://www.aawc.ca
Written By: Laura Golebiowski (Aboriginal Consultation Adviser)
Alberta’s provincial historic sites and museums are all open and in full swing with their programs. If you’re looking for something to do this summer, or want to make a pit stop on your roadtrip, check out some of Alberta’s provincial historic sites and museums.
If you’re in southern Alberta this summer, check out the Brooks Aqueduct or Leitch Collieries, two sites that are only open over the summer, from May 15 to Labour Day. And, the Frank Slide Interpretive Centre, open year round, is just down the road from Leitch Collieries, so it is a good chance to visit both!
- The Brooks Aqueduct was built by the Canadian Pacific Railway in the early 1900s and was the largest concrete structure of its kind in the world at the time (spanning a 3.2 km wide valley). The Aqueduct was an important part of an expansive irrigation network in the area and is an impressive site to see!
The Brooks Aqueduct
- The Leitch Collieries provincial historic site is located in the Crowsnest Pass and, at its time (1907-1915), was one of the largest and most ambitious coal mines in the pass. Ruins from some of the sandstone buildings that formed the surface operations are still standing. Take a walking tour and enjoy learning about the coal mining history of the area.
If you’re in central or northern Alberta, stay tuned for sites in your area!