Did you know that some of the earliest inhabitants of what is now Alberta were here over 12,000 years ago? Evidence of these people is found in the form of fluted projectile points, like the one shown in the image above. Fluted projectile points are lanceolate (no stem or notching) and have large flakes struck from the center of the base to form a flute or channel.
One style of fluted projectile point is attributed to a culture known as the Clovis people. Clovis spear points were first discovered in Clovis, New Mexico, but are found all across North America. These points were long thought to represent the earliest people in the Americas; however, more recent research has refuted this. (more…)
With only a few weeks left in the official visitor season for Alberta’s historic sites, museums, interpretive centres and archives, there is still time for you and your friends and family to hit the highway and discover the fascinating stories from Alberta’s past. But don’t fret if you didn’t make it out this summer — some sites are still open year-round!
Discover history on the North Saskatchewan River along the Victoria Trail, where Reverend George McDougall founded a Methodist Mission to the Cree in 1862. This is where the Hudson’s Bay Company established Fort Victoria in 1864 to trade with the local natives. The Mission and Fort became the nucleus for a Métis community whose river lots extended six miles along the bank of the river. (more…)
Note : This post was originally published on RETROactive July 12, 2011.
Log house at the Oxley Ranch Site.
When the Montana cattle industry began to thrive in the aftermath of the American civil war, and the extension of railways to the western states, many cattle barons began to extend their activity north of the 49th Parallel. Sensitive to the encroachment of American influence in western Canada, the Dominion government took several measures to ensure the “Canadianization” of this region. A Department of the Interior was formed to oversee developments on the central prairies, a North-west Mounted Police force was formed to establish law and order, and a Dominion Lands Act was passed to see to the orderly disposition of Crown lands to British subjects, or those who would agree to become British subjects. Plans were also put in place to extend a transcontinental railway through the region. (more…)
Each March, the vanguard of spring arrives in Alberta on thousands of pairs of wings. Tired, hungry, and honking, near-countless flocks of Canada geese (Branta canadensis) either stop over here or complete the northern leg of their annual migratory path – to rest, refuel, breed, nest, and brood – at or near the edge of Alberta’s many ponds, sloughs, lakes, creeks, and rivers. In the weeks that follow, these geese will be joined by many different bird species, particularly waterfowl, in one of the world’s most abundant migratory bird areas – the Mackenzie-Great Lakes-Mississippi Flyway that crosses western Canada.
Canada geese at Jasper National Park. Photo Credit: Tourism Jasper and Travel Alberta.
The seasonal comings and goings of different kinds of birds is particularly significant to Indigenous groups. According to war chief Fine-Day, the Nehiyawak (Cree) names for six different moons or months describe bird activities within those periods: “Mikiciwpi-cim, Bald Eagle Moon. That is when these birds are seen. Mis-kihpi-cim, Goose Moon … Pinawewipi-cim, Egg Laying Moon or paskawehowipi-cim, Egg Hatching Moon. Paskowipi-cim, Feather Moulting Moon. Ohpahowipi-cim, Starting to Fly Moon. No-tcihitopi-cim, Breeding Moon.”1 Many of these names relate to time periods when certain (more…)
Last month we showcased some historic sites and museums located in southern Alberta—this time we’re going to take a look at a few sites in and around the Edmonton area. From living museums to restored mansions to historic chapels, there’s a ton of history for you and your family to explore this summer.
Father Lacombe Chapel
Located in beautiful Mission Park in St. Albert, the Father Lacombe Chapel is Alberta’s oldest still-standing building. Historical interpreters can lead you through the chapel and historic Mission Hill, and you can visit the crypt where Father Lacombe is buried. Father Lacombe has been restored to look much as it did in the early 1860s.
Admission: by donation
Hours: 10 a.m. to 5 p.m., daily until Labour Day (more…)
Often when we talk about dietary evidence at archaeological sites in Alberta, we are referencing a multitude of game animals, such as bison, elk, moose, etc. What is often missing from these dialogues is the reliance First Nations had on native and traded plants. For the most part, organic material does not survive the test of time; this is especially the case in Alberta’s boreal regions where acidic soils rapidly decompose organics. However, missing data does not mean it was not there in the first place. A wide variety of plant species were utilized by Alberta’s First Nations for subsistence purposes. At archaeology sites, evidence of plant remains can be recovered from sediments, stone tools, and ceramics. Plant microfossil analysis is one method that can be used to identify what plants people were using in the past.
Residue on a ceramic sherd, this can be extracted and processed to identify plants cooked in the vessel (Burchill 2014).
Bar U Ranch National Historic Site, Longview (Photo Credit: Andrew Penner/Travel Alberta).
July 8th is Canada Historic Places Day, a new initiative of the National Trust of Canada to celebrate more than 12,000 historic places across the country. Each place tells a unique story and more than twenty historic places in Alberta are participating this year.
Visiting these amazing places is reward enough, but you also have a chance to win $1,500! Post a photo of yourself at a participating site on Instagram with the hashtag #HISTORICPLACESDAY, tag the photo’s location, and follow National Trust for Canada on Instagram.
- Atlas Coal Mine, Drumheller: http://www.historicplacesday.ca/listing/atlas-coal-mine-national-historic-site/
- Memorial Park Library, Calgary: http://www.historicplacesday.ca/listing/memorial-park-library/
- Lougheed House, Calgary: http://www.historicplacesday.ca/listing/lougheed-house/
- Bar U Ranch, Longview: http://www.historicplacesday.ca/listing/bar-u-ranch/
- Raymond Pioneer Museum, Raymond: http://www.historicplacesday.ca/listing/raymond-pioneer-musem/
- Cave and Basin, Banff: http://www.historicplacesday.ca/listing/cave-and-basin/
- The Banff Park Museum, Banff: http://www.historicplacesday.ca/event/national-historic-sites-100/
- Sulphur Mountain Cosmic Ray Station, Banff: http://www.historicplacesday.ca/listing/sulphur-mountain-cosmic-ray-station/
- Skoki Ski Lodge, Banff: http://www.historicplacesday.ca/listing/skoki-ski-lodge/
- Howse Pass, Banff: http://www.historicplacesday.ca/listing/howse-pass/
- Abbot Pass Refuge Cabin, Banff: http://www.historicplacesday.ca/listing/abbot-pass-refuge-cabin/
- First Oil Well in Western Canada, Waterton: http://www.historicplacesday.ca/listing/first-oil-well-in-western-canada/
- Frog Lake National Historic Site: http://www.historicplacesday.ca/listing/frog-lake/
- Fort Heritage Precinct, Fort Saskatchewan: http://www.historicplacesday.ca/listing/fort-heritage-precinct-fort-saskatchewan/
- Alberta Aviation Museum, Edmonton: http://www.historicplacesday.ca/listing/alberta-aviation-museum/
- Camrose & District Centennial Museum: http://www.historicplacesday.ca/listing/camrose-district-centennial-museum/
- Jasper House, Jasper: http://www.historicplacesday.ca/listing/jasper-pass/
- Athabasca Pass, Jasper: http://www.historicplacesday.ca/listing/athabasca-pass/
- Yellowhead Pass, Jasper: http://www.historicplacesday.ca/listing/yellowhead-pass/
- Rocky Mountain House National Historic Site: http://www.historicplacesday.ca/listing/rocky-mountain-house/
For more information on these and other historic sites, visit the Canadian Register of Historic Places at www.historicplaces.ca.